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Ports Frequently Visited By Kefalonian Merchant Ships In The 18th and 19th Centuries

 

Introduction

 

In the 18th and 19th centuries, most of the products carried by Kefalonian merchant ships were wheat, oats, flour, wine, oil,  butter, fat, caviar, animal skins, wool and iron.  Most of the shipping was done among the countries of France, Italy, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldavia, Ukraine, Russia, Georgia and Turkey.  In other words, in the Mediterranean, Tyrrhenian,  Adriatic, Ionian,  Cretan, and Aegean Seas; the Gulf of Corinth, the Black Sea, and the Sea of Azoff.  After the middle of the 19th century, shipping became more frequent to Malta, Spain, Portugal, Ireland and England; although the greatest volume of shipping was carried out among the aforementioned countries.

The following is a list of the most prominent ports visited in this time period. These port cities can be found in any atlas. 

 

Port

Country

Sea

Aegean Islands   most of them Greece Aegean

Alexandria

Egypt Mediterranean
Ancona Italy Adriatic
Argostoli Greece Ionian          Gulf of Argostoli
Constanta Romania Black
Cork Ireland Celtic
On the Danube Romania, Bulgaria Black and Danube
Dirraches Albania Adriatic
Egio Greece Gulf of Corinth
Falmouth England English Channel
Galatsi Romania Danube from Black Sea
Gibraltar Spain Straits of Gibraltar
Ionian Islands  all of them Greece Ionian
Ipswich England North
Ismail Romania Danube from Black Sea
Corinth Greece Gulf of Corinth
Konstantinople Turkey Bosphoros, Black Sea
Levante Italy Ligure      -   Gulf of Genoa
Lisbon Portugal Atlantic Ocean
Malta Malta Mediterranean
Marathona Greece Aegean In the  Straits between Attiki and Evia 
Marseille France Mediterranean
Morias Greece Peloponnese  - land
Navarone Greece Ionian
Nikalaief Ukrania Black
Odessa Ukrania Black
Patra Greece Ionian         mouth of Gulf of Corinth
Sevastopol Crimea Black
Smyna (Gk.)        Izmir  (Turk) Turkey Aegean
Sulina Romania Black
Taganrog     Gk form - Taigani Russia Sea of Azoff
Thessaloniki Greece Aegean
Trapezonta Turkey Black
Triest Italy Adriatic
Varna Bulgaria Black
 

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